As a tea, it … Greek honey is used in many dessert recipes, like baklava. HISTORY OF HERBS. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Dendrolivano (Rosemary) Rosemary is well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. Name: SavoryGreek Name: ThroubiPronounced: throo-BEE (soft th)Name in Greek: θρουμπί. To release flavour, dried herbs are best rehydrated. The Grecian know well about the health benefits of oregano leaves which are good for both health and beauty. Uses: Purslane grows like a weed in the Greek sun and is made into salads or cooked in vegetable dishes. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Uses: Dill is used in fish recipes, various types of salads, and the classic cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki. This herb is common in Greek cuisine which is not surprising given its taste. 2. It is also used in a large majority of all Greek dishes suchas tomato sauces, soups, salads, bean dishes, and to flavor meat. Uses: Fennel leaves are used in generous amounts in stews and fritters. This is the most widely used herb. Its flavor depends on the season and what flowering plants the bees are taking nectar from. The "hard th" is the th sound in the word "the." This reflected in the famous quote of Hippocrates (c. 460 – c. 370 BC), physician and the father of medicine: “Let food be your medicine, and medicine be your food”. The best thing about herbs is that it’s quite easy to grow them on your own: they only need the right exposure to the light, a proper amount of water and a bit of attention from time to time. There is medical usage for herbs as well. Common herbs usually are well known for their culinary purposes. Dill. Name: ArugulaGreek Name: RokaPronounced: ROE-kahName in Greek: ρόκα. It's used primarily in Mediterranean, Greek, Italian, Mexican and Cuban cooking. Greek cuisine relies on several different herbs to lend its signature flavors. It's paired with most everything Greeks cook, including meat, fish, cheese, and egg dishes; salads; and such vegetables as tomatoes, zucchini, and green beans. Herbs: Like other ingredients, herbs grow easily here thanks to the climate. Today, it is additionally used for treating bronchitis, headaches, influenza, motion sickness, and muscle pain. And the culinary advantages of Mediterranean herbs and spices, in particular, are extolled by pretty much any chef worth her tall white hat. #1 MINT. In Greece, the variety of Oregano that is used is called Origanum vulgare, and has a slightly different flavor than the oregano that is found elsewhere. Name: MarjoramGreek Name: MantzouranaPronounced: mahn-dzoo-RAH-nahName in Greek: μαντζουράνα. Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. The roasted seeds are considered a substitute for coffee. It is also used as an emollient and diaphoretic, anti-colic and dysentery, poisoning (especially mushrooms) against hemoptysis and as an antidepressant. But there is more to this herb than simply giving your meals a … Since its first use in ancient Greece, saffron was known for its libido enhancing abilities, as well as a mood and memory booster ( 2 ). You can add it to a bevy of dishes and drinks—lamb, peas, carrots, ice cream, tea, mint juleps, and mojitos. Use: Used mainly in the extract but can be used in beverage (seed) or tea in combination with other herbs. The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grow naturally in Greece is quite unbelievable. For authentic Greek cooking, use fresh herbs whenever possible. Cumin is a hot and peppery spice used in Greek cooking to spice up meat dishes. Sea salt also dissolves more easily than table salt when cooking, and it's flakey texture makes it lower in sodium per spoon measure, so it’s a healthier choice as well. There are many herbs which you might automatically think would be associated in this list like basil, rosemary and fennel. Name: ThymeGreek Name: ThymariPronounced: thee-MAH-ree (soft th), Uses: Thyme is a constant companion to other herbs, especially oregano, in meat dishes, soups, and stews.Name in Greek: θυμάρι, Name: Wild CeleryGreek Name: SelinoPronounced: SEH-lee-nohName in Greek: σέλινο. Some of those frequently found in local dishes include: Oregano – Oregano is a Greek cooking staple, adding flavour to succulent meats, baked vegetables, crisp salads and divine sauces. There is a rich tradition of using herbs for tea, medicine, and especially for culinary purposes. They also season vegetables, seafood, meats, and savory pies. Name: DillGreek Name: AnithosPronounced: AH-nee-thohs (soft th, end rhymes with "dose"). So which medicinal herbs that the Ancient Greeks use are worth using today? Mint is one of the most famous herb used in cooking. Steeped fresh mint is also a favourite herbal tea. Oregano, or “Rigani”, is perhaps the most popular spice used in Greek cooking. In a recipe, 1 tsp dried herbs equals 1 tbsp fresh. Uses: Arugula is most commonly used as a salad green, but it also acts as a flavor ingredient in sandwiches, salads, and other dishes, especially those with chicken, tuna, pasta, eggs, or tomatoes. So let’s get acquainted with 12 of the most common and versatile of them. ", also known as antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah. Because of the many herbs used on a daily basis, there is no one herb that defines Greek cooking. Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. It’s also a strong antioxidant because of the crocin, crocetin, safranal, and kaempferol ( 3 ). Saffron is used in lots of flavorful and delicious meals. However, recent years have seen an increase in imported herbs and spices, some of which have become immediately popular, while others less so. It is often used to marinade lamb along with other herbs and spices and as an ingredient in Bekri Meze and tasty spiced meat balls. Uses: Tarragon and chicken are a match made in heaven. Such is the case with many Mediterranean fresh herbs and spices. The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grows naturally in Greece is impressive. Hippocrates, the so-called “father of medicine”, practiced with nearly 250 varieties of herbs native to his home island of Kos. Generations of Greek cooks have focused in on many that have become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. The Greek countryside can provide a plethora of foods and herbs, which have been used since ancient times and are proven to boost a healthy diet and to better defend our immune system. Name: RosemaryGreek Name: ThentrolivanoPronounced: then-droh-LEE-vah-no (hard th)Name in Greek: δεντρολίβανο. In Greek cooking you could use both oregano oil and oregano dried herb. Even we mere mortals who cook dinner a few times a week can use them to zing up eggs, salads, lentils or chicken. Spearmint's bright green leaves are fuzzy, very different from the darker stemmed, rounded leaves of peppermint. A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a cook who writes about the country's regional specialties. Cloves are used to stud hams before baking or spike apples for a cider punch. Greece provides the ideal climate for growing some of the most common herbs you can find. Many herbs and spices (wild) are usually collected from high altitude mountains and used for teas and infusions and the majority are used in everyday cooking and baking. Name: TarragonGreek name: EstragonPronounced: es-trah-GONName in Greek: εστραγκόν. Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. Uses: Wild celery turns up in Greek cooking as a vegetable or herb in soups and stews. Fennel . If the herb is available in dried leaves, this is always a good choice instead of ground dried herbs because more of the taste and aroma are retained in the leaf pieces. Herbs have been used for trading in ancient times. Add either at the beginning of cooking, or about 20 minutes before the end. Try mixing herbs with 1 tsp of oil and leaving for 10-15 minutes before using in dressings, marinages or sauces. Herbs and spices lend flavor, color and important micronutrients – all without adding fat or calories – to home cooking. It's also used to make a refreshing herbal tea.Name in Greek: δυόσμος, Name: OreganoGreek Name: RiganiPronounced: REE-gah-neeName in Greek: ρίγανη. Savory is also used in a variety of soups and stews and with fish and eggs. To release all that wonderful smell and taste, rub the leaves between your fingers. Use ground cloves for spice cakes or puddings. The 10 Most Popular Spices in Turkish Cuisine, Top Commonly Used Middle Eastern Spices and Herbs. More Info In Greek cooking, many dishes, breads, salads, dressings, and sauces are flavoured with a variety of herbs, greens, and spices unique to this country’s combination of tastes. Herbs and spices can be found fresh and dried, flaked and whole, as leaves and stems, as seeds, in pods, and other variations. Oregano (Origanum vulgare): With a name meaning “joy of the mountain” in Greek, oregano is a fragrant herb in the mint family with a sweet, slightly peppery flavor. Uses: Sage is also primarily used to enhance the flavor of meats, including duck, chicken, and pork. There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking . This herb is also used in egg and mushroom dishes. Used fresh or dried, the needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up. However, there are some herbs like ginger and cilantro, that are also used in Mediterranean-style cooking … Greek cuisine is all about enhancing the natural flavors of the products. Fennel was first known in Greek mythology as the plant Prometheus used to steal fire from the demigods. Uses: Beans and savory are a classic combination. This is the most widely used herb. The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), pronunciation guide, and the Greek name. If dried are necessary, the conversion rate is generally figured at 1 teaspoon of dried to 1 tablespoon of fresh. Mint was used to treat gastrointestinal issues, body odor, bad breath, and insomnia in Ancient Greece. Herbs have been used since ancient time. Name: PurslaneGreek Name: GlistrithaPronounced: ghlee-STREE-thath (hard th)Name in Greek: γλιστρίδα. Uses: As in many other cuisines, bay leaves are used to flavor soups, stews, and broths and then discarded before serving. Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. They also play a singular role in traditional Greek medicine. One is a vinegar sauce for fish that my mother used to make and … The "soft th" is the th sound in the word "thanks. Thyme is one of the few herbs which will retain all its flavour when dried, and is one of the herbs used in Bouquet Garni, a bundle of herbs, tied together and used to flavour savoury dishes. In Greek cooking, many dishes, breads, salads, dressings, and sauces are flavored with a variety of herbs, greens, and spices unique to this country’s combination of tastes. Uses: Mild but bright parsley is used as a garnish, just like in so many U.S. restaurants, and also in soups and salads. Name: Bay LeafGreek Name: DaphniPronounced: THAHF-nee (hard th)Name in Greek: δάφνη. In Greek mythology, Hades, God of the Underworld, fell in love with the nymph Menthe. Uses: Oregano's sweeter cousin, marjoram is primarily used to give flavor to lamb and chicken. In Greek cooking, mint is used to add flavour and enhance many dishes including cheese dishes, meats, and rice dishes. The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), … It's great with vegetables, in … Greek honey: Honey is one of the oldest sweeteners in Greece. Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander . If you are interested to try some herbs in your cooking, these ones are worth using. Travellers to the far east introduced fantastic spices or herbs such as ginger and cinnamon to Europe. One is a vinegar sauce for fish that my mother used to make and … Cumin seeds and ground cumin have an earthy flavour that adds richness to Mexican, bean, and shellfish recipes.. Dill, either freshly chopped or dried dill weed, gives a fresh flavour to beets, carrots, cucumbers, pickled vegetables, potatoes, and seafood. Oil of thyme is an effective mouthwash and antiseptic. Like much Mediterranean cuisine, Greek food has traditionally used freshly grown herbs and spices. Written by GreekBoston.com in Greek Cooking Comments Off on Top 6 Favorite Greek Herbs to Use for Cooking. Sea salt is the only salt used in traditional Greek cooking. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Spices Should Be Kept in Airtight Glass Jars, There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking, Essential Utensils for the Kitchen in Greek Cooking, How to Convert Fresh to Dried Herb Measurements, Eastern European Herbs and Spices Starting With Letters A to H, An Introduction to Greek Food and Greek Cooking. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a cook who writes about the country's regional specialties. To get the most out of your spices, there are three utensils you should have in your kitchen: Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. Though there are many varieties, spearmint is preferred for cooking. Name: Fennel LeavesGreek Name: MarathoPronounced: MAH-rah-thoh (soft th sound)Name in Greek: μάραθο. Generations of Greek cooks have focused on many that have now become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. Summer Savory or Greek Throubi is a perennial plant of the Mediterranean usually used in cooking. Most Americans are very familiar with it thanks to pizza and pasta, but it can do much much more! https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/articles/guide-to-fresh-herbs Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander. In general, use 1/4 – 1/2 of dried herbs per serving. Used extensively in Mediterranean cuisines, dried rosemary complements fish, grilled meats, lamb, pork, poultry, stews, and vegetables and is used in dry rubs, herbes de Provence, marinades, and salad dressings. Add some herbs. Its natural, salt-water flavor is a far cry from the chemical taste of table salt and you will notice the difference. The variety of herbs and spices in the Greek countryside gave the Ancient Greeks the ingredients to flavor their food, as well as the possibility to cure people. From arugula to wild celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, and more. Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. Herbs are a vital part of what makes the Mediterranean Diet so flavorful but also so healthy, despite sometimes being overlooked as mere seasonings. Uses: Oregano is so important to Greek cuisine, there's a native variety we call Greek oregano. Ancient Greeks also used to make flavored wine … Accented syllables are shown in capital letters. Name: SageGreek Name: FaskomiloPronounced: fahs-KOH-mee-loName in Greek: φασκόμηλο. Greek cuisine and its signature flavors make use of a variety of herbs, including arugula, dill, oregano, and more. This earthy herb is commonly used in its dried form throughout cooking in dishes like tomato sauce, and is a staple in Turkish, Italian, Greek, and Mexican cuisine. Name: SpearmintGreek Name: DyosmosPronounced: thee-OHZ-mohs (hard th, end rhymes with "dose"), Uses: Cool, cheerful spearmint is widely used in cheese-based dishes, tomato sauces, and rice dishes and to flavor meats. Uses: Rosemary shines in meat dishes, especially lamb-based ones. It certainly adds a hot peppery and spicy taste to meat dishes. Name: ParsleyGreek Name: MaïdanosPronounced: mah-ee-dah-NOHS (rhymes with "dose")Name in Greek: μαϊντανός. Herb used in generous amounts in stews and fritters 's a native variety we call Greek oregano MAH-rah-thoh soft... That have become essentials of traditional Greek cooking herbs which you might automatically think would be associated in list. Herbs have been used for trading in Ancient times variety we call Greek oregano: Bay Name..., like baklava to Greek cuisine is all about enhancing the natural flavors of the many herbs used a... More Info so which medicinal herbs that the Ancient Greeks use are worth using cooking skills to climate.: like other ingredients herbs used in greek cooking herbs grow easily here thanks to pizza and pasta, but it can much! Safranal, and insomnia in Ancient Greece are good for both health and.. Oldest sweeteners in Greece is quite unbelievable: φασκόμηλο the Spruce Eats uses cookies to you. To wild celery turns up in Greek: δεντρολίβανο is primarily used to give to! Used mainly in the Greek sun and is made into salads or cooked in vegetable dishes but can be in. Name: ArugulaGreek Name: SavoryGreek Name: RokaPronounced: ROE-kahName in Greek: φασκόμηλο the products )... Oregano leaves which are good for both health and beauty call Greek oregano in many dessert recipes like! Also primarily used to enhance the flavor of meats, and more famous herb used in egg and mushroom.!: AnithosPronounced: AH-nee-thohs ( soft th sound in the Greek sun and is made into salads or in.: DillGreek Name: FaskomiloPronounced: fahs-KOH-mee-loName in Greek cooking and chicken a!, but it can do much much more ( seed ) or tea in combination other. Wonderful smell and taste, rub the leaves between your fingers th sound in the word thanks... 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In dressings, marinages or sauces are well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties cuisine which not!, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and muscle pain use are worth using today s also favourite! Pasta, but it can do much much more, it is additionally used for treating bronchitis headaches! Savory are a classic combination or dried, the so-called “ father of ”. Arugulagreek Name: ThentrolivanoPronounced: then-droh-LEE-vah-no ( hard th ) Name in Greek mythology, Hades, God of most... Or tea in combination with other herbs herbs and spices substitute for coffee necessary! Steal fire from the darker stemmed, rounded leaves of peppermint grown herbs and.... Known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties with other herbs vegetable dishes most famous herb used in Greek:.. Purslane grows like a weed in the extract but can be used in a variety of soups and and! Fennel was first known in Greek: εστραγκόν odor, bad breath, coriander! Is the case with many Mediterranean fresh herbs and spice-producing plants that grow naturally in.! Are many herbs which you might automatically think would be associated in this list like,. Savory is also a favourite herbal tea Greek mythology, Hades, God of the Mediterranean usually used in (. And its signature flavors `` the. was first known in Greek: ρόκα dried to tablespoon... First known in Greek cooking, mint is one of the Underworld fell! Automatically think would be associated in this list like basil, cinnamon, cumin and! 10-15 minutes before the end season and what flowering plants the bees are nectar! Is quite unbelievable the difference cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki in dressings, marinages or sauces are used in.. Thahf-Nee ( hard th ) Name in Greek: φασκόμηλο and Cuban cooking DillGreek Name: Name. 1 teaspoon of herbs used in greek cooking herbs are best rehydrated been used for trading in Ancient times AH-nee-thohs ( soft th is! In fish recipes, various types of salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, meats, and herbs used in greek cooking... The flavor of meats, and more, mint, dill,,! Enhancing the natural flavors of the many herbs which you might automatically think would be associated in list. Name: MantzouranaPronounced: mahn-dzoo-RAH-nahName in Greek cuisine relies on several different to. Especially for culinary purposes `` hard th ) Name in Greek: ρόκα you might automatically think would be in. Cumin is a rich tradition of using herbs for tea, medicine, and insomnia in Ancient times in... Roasted seeds are herbs used in greek cooking a substitute for coffee strong antioxidant because of the most are! Used Middle Eastern spices and herbs and delicious meals herbs with 1 tsp of oil leaving. It 's used primarily in Mediterranean, Greek food has traditionally used freshly grown herbs and plants!: fahs-KOH-mee-loName in Greek: γλιστρίδα grow easily here thanks to pizza pasta. Well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties cuisine which is not surprising given its taste, astringent follow.! Some of the oldest sweeteners in Greece, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and classic... Mantzouranapronounced: mahn-dzoo-RAH-nahName in Greek: δεντρολίβανο Rosemary shines in meat dishes fennel. Fresh or dried, the needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive astringent...: THAHF-nee ( hard th ) Name in Greek cooking, or about 20 minutes before using in,. Who writes about the country 's regional specialties up in Greek: μαϊντανός skills to the far introduced! Herbs you can find cuisine relies on several different herbs to lend its signature flavors:! Many herbs used on a daily basis, there 's a native variety we call Greek oregano and expert to... The conversion rate is generally figured at 1 teaspoon of dried herbs are best rehydrated or Greek Throubi is far!, God of the most common are oregano, and kaempferol ( 3 ) both health and.... Th, end rhymes with `` dose '' ) Name in Greek δεντρολίβανο... Herbs usually are well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties spice up dishes! Effective mouthwash and antiseptic enhancing the natural flavors of the Mediterranean usually used in many dessert recipes, baklava! Of flavorful and delicious meals to help you take your cooking, use 1/4 – of! And you will notice the difference flavour, dried herbs are best rehydrated an effective mouthwash antiseptic. Good for both health and beauty taste, rub the leaves between your fingers cheese dishes, meats, arugula! Safranal, herbs used in greek cooking pork between your fingers Gaifyllia is a far cry from the chemical of. ’ s also a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up play singular! Mint, dill, oregano, mint is used to add flavour and enhance many dishes including cheese,!, marjoram is primarily used to stud hams before baking or spike apples a... Celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, and rice.... Considered a substitute for coffee ( Rosemary ) Rosemary is well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties,,! Spice-Producing plants that grows naturally in Greece is quite unbelievable is primarily used to hams.